Columbia university dissertations


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John Howard was the George E.

He was a recognized innovator in the application of basic research in marketing, and consumer and buyer behavior. His numerous marketing texts and articles contributed to the development of the profession for nearly 40 years, before his death in His leadership in directing doctoral candidates through the dissertation process influenced both the quality of the research and the preparation of current marketing faculty across the country.

Sheth, also internationally recognized for his contributions to marketing and the academic community, developed his dissertation under the guidance of Howard while at the University of Pittsburgh. His devotion to the discipline of marketing and his hard work were an inspiration to all of us who have had the honor and the privilege of working with him. He was a true scholar because he was always eager to learn, challenge, and innovate new concepts and perspectives.

Dr. Airey Lau receives prestigious Columbia University awards

A team of reviewers will be appointed by the award chairs to review the submissions. A double-blind review procedure will be followed to review the papers based on the following criteria:. The literature background, design, methods, analysis, and findings should be presented in enough detail and clarity to provide a theoretical grounding for the study and to allow the proper assessment of its methodology and findings.


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Today, the thesis is kept on microfilm at the University of Michigan and accessible via ProQuest, an academic database. By checking passages in the document against the sources Crowley cites, focusing on paragraphs that come before and after footnotes of key sources in her bibliography, we found numerous structural and syntactic similarities. She lifted passages from her footnoted texts, occasionally making slight wording changes but rarely using quotation marks. Parts of Crowley's dissertation appear to violate Columbia's definition of "Unintentional Plagiarism" for "failure to 'quote' or block quote author's exact words, even if documented" or "failure to paraphrase in your own words, even if documented.

The examples Politico Magazine found came primarily from six books and articles on U. Both Gaddis and Christensen declined to comment.

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Crowley, a former researcher for Richard Nixon while he was writing his last two books, conducted original interviews for the dissertation with the former president and diplomats Henry Kissinger and Winston Lord. Betts, declined to comment, as did Columbia University, which has previously rescinded at least one Ph.

Crowley was previously accused of plagiarism in when a reader in California noticed similarities between a Wall Street Journal column she wrote and a Paul Johnson piece in Commentary. Public support is a fluid dynamic: given information and analysis by leaders and elites, the public constantly weighs the benefits and prospects of success against the likely and actual costs and then reaches a determination as to whether the likely outcome is worth the sacrifice.

As new events occur or objective conditions change, they are interpreted by political leaders and experts, and the ends and means are reevaluated.

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Traditionally, U. In short, support can be thought of as a constant rebalancing of the benefits and prospects for success against the likely and actual costs —and a determination of whether the outcome is judged worth the costs—all informed by leaders and experts.


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Such a model, engendering both normative and pragmatic considerations, clearly has a great deal of intuitive appeal, but why should we believe that this is what is at work? First, as a practical matter, U. Second, a focus on the particular objectives of the operation and the perceptions of the principles and interests that are engaged establishes a connection between the objectives of a given operation and the larger purposes it is promoting. Following the Cuban missile crisis, the Soviet Union embarked on a long-term program of increasing its strength in strategic weapons.

As Gaddis points out, the Johnson administration decided not to respond with a corresponding military buildup for three main reasons: first, because it underestimated the extent to which the Soviets were building; second, because Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara was convinced that the American strategic programs had reached the point of diminishing returns ; and third, because the escalating costs of the Vietnam war made the administration reluctant to go to Congress with requests for expensive new systems to counter Soviet increases.

Following its humiliation in the Cuban missile crisis, the Soviet Union embarked on a steady, longterm program of bolstering its strength in strategic weapons. The Johnson administration decided not to respond with a corresponding American buildup , partly because it underestimated the extent of what the Russians were doing, partly because McNamara had become convinced that the point of diminishing returns in American strategic programs had been reached, but partly also because the mushrooming costs of the Vietnsam War made the administration reluctant to go to Congress with requests for expensive new systems to counter Soviet increases.

Moreover, in order to test the approach against competing explanations , one needs to understand what individual leaders were thinking when they were developing or modifying the grand strategy and manipulating conflict, either by prolonging it or by resolving it. An area specialist would be at an advantage over the generalist in applying the model to particular cases , though both benefit from the parsimony inherent in the model.

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Finally, to test the approach against competing explanations it is important to understand what leaders were actually thinking when they were creating new grand strategies , launching mobilization drives, and manipulating or prolonging conflict with foreign powers. To complete this task, one needs to do archival research, sometimes in a foreign language.

All of these demands privilege the area expert over the generalist in applying the mobilization model to particular cases. Perceiving fundamental changes in the international balance of power, Truman in and Mao in decided to mobilize their nations around newly-designed long-term strategies to respond to those shifts and to preempt any resulting negative consequence.

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The apparently undesirable move of manipulating or prolonging a short-term conflict with another nation then became useful in rallying and maintaining public support for the basic grand strategy. Viewing basic changes in the international balance of power, Truman in and Mao in decided to mobilize their nations around long-term strategies , designed to respond to those shifts.

In both cases the strategies adopted required significant public sacrifice in peacetime, so the leaders faced difficulties in selling those strategies to their respective publics. The manipulation or extension of short-term conflict with the other nation , while not desirable on straightforward international or domestic grounds, became useful in gaining and maintaining public support for the core grand strategy. The policy coordination that is generated from reaching this level implies that the policies of each state have been adjusted to reduce , if not necessarily minimize, their negative consequences for the other states.

This compound definition of cooperation involves several important principles. Second , it implies that cooperation provides the actors with gains that they concluded could not be achieved through individualistic action. The distribution of gains need not be the same across the board, but the gains are mutual. A notable feature of the recent literature on international cooperation is the acceptance of a common definition of the phenomenon. This conception of cooperation consists of two important elements.

It need not be the same goal for all the actors involved, but it does assume rational behavior on their part.


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His numerous marketing texts and articles contributed to the development of the profession for nearly 40 years, before his death in His leadership in directing doctoral candidates through the dissertation process influenced both the quality of the research and the preparation of current marketing faculty across the country. Sheth, also internationally recognized for his contributions to marketing and the academic community, developed his dissertation under the guidance of Howard while at the University of Pittsburgh.

His devotion to the discipline of marketing and his hard work were an inspiration to all of us who have had the honor and the privilege of working with him. He was a true scholar because he was always eager to learn, challenge, and innovate new concepts and perspectives. A team of reviewers will be appointed by the award chairs to review the submissions. A double-blind review procedure will be followed to review the papers based on the following criteria:. The literature background, design, methods, analysis, and findings should be presented in enough detail and clarity to provide a theoretical grounding for the study and to allow the proper assessment of its methodology and findings.

When printed, the submission must be no more than 30 double-spaced pages in point type; this limit is inclusive of all pages e.

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The manuscript guidelines for the Journal of Marketing should be used as a style guide.

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