In addition, psychoanalysis helped Hesse identify psychological problems which he had experienced in his youth, including internal tension caused by a conflict between his own carnal instincts and the strict moralism of his parents; such themes appear throughout Demian as semi-autobiographical reflections upon Hesse's own exploration of Jungian philosophy. One of the major themes is the existence of the idea that both are necessary; the novel refers to the idea of Gnosticism the god Abraxas , showing the influence of Carl Jung's psychology. According to Hesse, the novel is a story of Jungian individuation , the process of opening up to one's unconsciousness.
Women play a vital role in the Jungian interpretation of Demian. At the beginning, Sinclair looks up towards his sisters and mother, his house maid. While at school, he sees a beautiful woman whom he calls Beatrice, towards the end of the novel, when Sinclair is an adolescent man, he discovers Demian's mother, Frau Eva; these women do not have major roles in the story, but Hesse uses them symbolically as facets of the depths of Sinclair's mind.
The Gnostic deity Abraxas is used as a symbol throughout the text, idealizing the interdependence of all, good and evil in the world. Demian argues that the Jewish God , is only one face of God; the symbol of Abraxas appears as a bird breaking free from a globe.
Bildungsroman Carl Jung Full text as eBook. Siddhartha novel Siddhartha is a novel by Hermann Hesse that deals with the spiritual journey of self-discovery of a man named Siddhartha during the time of the Gautama Buddha. The book, Hesse's ninth novel, was written in a simple, lyrical style, it was published in the U. In fact, the Buddha's own name, before his renunciation, was Siddhartha Gautama, Prince of Kapilavastu. In this book, the Buddha is referred to as "Gotama"; the story takes place in the Nepalese district of Kapilavastu.
Siddhartha decides to leave behind his home in the hope of gaining spiritual illumination by becoming an ascetic wandering beggar of the Samanas. Joined by his best friend, Siddhartha fasts, becomes homeless, renounces all personal possessions, intensely meditates seeking and speaking with Gautama, the famous Buddha, or Enlightened One. Afterward, both Siddhartha and Govinda acknowledge the elegance of the Buddha's teachings. Although Govinda hastily joins the Buddha's order, Siddhartha does not follow, claiming that the Buddha's philosophy, though supremely wise, does not account for the distinct experiences of each person, he argues that the individual seeks an unique, personal meaning that cannot be presented to him by a teacher.
He thus resolves to carry on his quest alone. Siddartha crosses a river and the generous ferryman, whom Siddhartha is unable to pay, merrily predicts that Siddhartha will return to the river to compensate him in some way.
Venturing onward toward city life, Siddhartha discovers Kamala, the most beautiful woman he has yet seen. Kamala, a courtesan , notes Siddhartha's handsome appearance and fast wit, telling him that he must become wealthy to win her affections so that she may teach him the art of love. Although Siddhartha despised materialistic pursuits as a Shramana , he agrees now to Kamala's suggestions.
She directs him to the employ of Kamaswami, a local businessman, insists that he have Kamaswami treat him as an equal rather than an underling. Siddhartha succeeds, providing a voice of patience and tranquility, which Siddhartha learned from his days as an ascetic, against Kamaswami's fits of passion, thus Siddhartha becomes a rich man and Kamala's lover, though in his middle years he realizes that the luxurious lifestyle he has chosen is a game that lacks spiritual fulfillment.
Leaving the fast-paced bustle of the city, Siddhartha returns to the river and thinks of a new existence and is saved only by an internal experience of the holy word, Om; the next morning, Siddhartha reconnects with Govinda, passing through the area as a wandering Buddhist. Siddhartha decides to live the rest of his life in the presence of the spiritually inspirational river.
Siddhartha thus reunites with the ferryman, named Vasudeva , with whom he begins a humbler way of life. Although Vasudeva is a simple man, he understands and relates that the river has many voices and significant messages to divulge to any who might listen. Some years Kamala, now a Buddhist convert, is travelling to see the Buddha at his deathbed, accompanied by her reluctant young son, when she is bitten by a venomous snake near Siddhartha's river. Siddhartha realizes that the boy is his own child.
After Kamala's death, Siddhartha attempts to console and raise the furiously resistant boy, until one day the child flees altogether. Although Siddhartha is desperate to find his runaway son, Vasudeva urges him to let the boy find his own path, much like Siddhartha did himself in his youth. Listening to the river with Vasudeva, Siddhartha realizes that time is an illusion and that all of his feelings and experiences those of suffering, are part of a great and jubilant fellowship of all things connected in the cyclical unity of nature.
After Siddhartha's moment of illumination, Vasudeva claims that his work is done and he must depart into the woods, leaving Siddhartha peacefully fulfilled and alone once more. Toward the end of his life, Govinda hears about an enlightened ferryman and travels to Siddhartha, not recognizing him as his old childhood friend.
Govinda asks the now-elderly Siddhartha to relate his wisdom and Siddhartha replies that for every true statement there is an opposite one, true. Because nature works in a self-sustaining cycle, every entity carries in it the potential for its opposite and so the world must always be considered complete. Siddhartha urges people to identify and love the world in its completeness. Siddhartha requests that Govinda kiss his forehead and, when he does, Govinda experiences the visions of timelessness that Siddhartha himself saw with Vasudeva by the river.
Govinda bows to his wise friend and Siddhartha smiles radiantly, having found enlightenment. Siddartha: The protagonist. Govinda: A friend and follower of Gautama. Gautama: The Buddha , whose Teachings are rejected but whose power of self-experience and self-wisdom is praised by Siddhartha. Kamala: A courtesan and Siddhartha's sensual mentor, mother of his child, Young Siddhartha. Kamaswami: A merchant who instructs Siddhartha on business.
Vasudeva: An enlightened ferryman and. Knulp Knulp is a novel written by Hermann Hesse.
It was Hesse's most popular book in the years; the novel is split up into three separate tales which are centered on the life of the main character: Knulp. Knulp, once a gifted and promising youth, is depicted as an amiable vagabond perpetually wandering from town to town, staying with friends, he is liked by everyone he encounters in the novel for his manners and charming demeanour.
He receives charity from those sympathetic with him; the first tale, titled "Early Spring", follows Knulp just after he had been discharged from a hospital due to his waning health. An old friend of his, a tanner named Emil Rothfuss, shelters him while Knulp spends his days aimlessly. During the tale he gains the affection of the tanner's wife, though he does not welcome her advances, he attempts to court a girl named Barbra Flick who had arrived in the town as a household servant. The chapter culminates after Knulp convinces Barbra to abandon her post in the night and dance with him.
In the last words of "Early Spring", Knulp decides to leave the town despite a commitment with the tanner and his wife scheduled the following day. The second tale, "My Recollections of Knulp", is told from the point of view of another vagrant , not identified but is the only of the three tales written in first person giving the impression as being Hermann Hesse himself; the story focuses on his interactions with Knulp as they wander through the forests and meadows of Germany. The second half of the section takes place during a day which unfolded as carefree, it ends, however, on the following day.
The narrator is bewildered, wondering if Knulp left him out of disgust due to his excessive drinking, the previous night; the Third tale, "The End", follows Knulp as he is taken in for a growing illness by Dr. Machold—a childhood friend from Latin school.
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Machold, who once learned from Knulp, is now a grown up respectable individual, he helps Knulp to recover as they reminiscent on their brief time together, during their childhood, while, Dr. Machold prepares to send him to a hospital in the town of their youth.
Upon arriving, Knulp wanders around his home town remembering. He greets a stone-breaker who, after recognizing Knulp from his childhood days, questions why he never put his God given gifts and abilities to good use. Towards the end of the novel, Knulp wanders into the forest, he begins a conversation with God. In this conversation, Knulp asks God why he, has not done anything of consequence in life. Knulp questions about the purpose of his life and why the longevity.
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Throughout the conversation, Knulp comes to terms with himself and accepts his life. In my name, you have wandered and have always brought the sedentary people a little homesickness for freedom. In my name you have made yourself a mockery. You are my child and my brother and a piece of me, you have tasted nothing and suffered nothing that I have not experienced with you.
Unlike his earlier works, these stories do not lend themselves to rational interpretation. They are fairy tales dealing with dream worlds, the subconscious and magic.
In these stories, Hesse challenged the orthodoxy of the world. Blur's self-titled fifth album contains a song of the same name. Hermann Hesse. Strange News from Another Star. Penguin Books ISBN It was begun in and published in Switzerland in after being rejected for publication in Germany due to Hesse's anti-Fascist views. A few years in , Hesse went on to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. In honoring him in its Award Ceremony Speech, the Swedish Academy said that the novel "occupies a special position" in Hesse's work.
My Belief: Essays on Life and Art by Hermann Hesse (Paperback, 1978)
However, the title Magister Ludi is misleading, as it implies the book is a straightforward bildungsroman. In reality, the book touches on many different genres, the bulk of the story is on one level a parody of the biography genre; the Glass Bead Game takes place at an unspecified date centuries into the future. Hesse suggested. The setting is a fictional province of central Europe called Castalia , reserved by political decision for the life of the mind.
My Belief: Essays on Life and Art by Hermann Hesse, Paperback | Barnes & Noble®
Castalia is home to an austere order of intellectuals with a twofold mission: to run boarding schools for boys, to cultivate and play the Glass Bead Game, whose exact nature remains elusive and whose devotees occupy a special school within Castalia known as Waldzell; the rules of the game are only alluded to—they are so sophisticated that they are not easy to imagine. Playing the game well requires years of hard study of music and cultural history; the game is an abstract synthesis of all arts and sciences.
It proceeds by players making deep connections between unrelated topics; the novel is an example of a bildungsroman, following the life of a distinguished member of the Castalian Order, Joseph Knecht , whose surname means "servant". The plot chronicles Knecht's education as a youth, his decision to join the order, his mastery of the Game, his advancement in the order's hierarchy to become Magister Ludi, the executive officer of the Castalian Order's game administrators.
The beginning of the novel introduces the Music Master, the resident of Castalia who recruits Knecht as a young student and, to have the most long-lasting and profound effect on Knecht throughout his life. At one point, as the Music Master nears death in his home at Monteport, Knecht obliquely refers to the Master's "sainthood"; as a student, another meaningful friendship develops with Plinio Designori, a student from a politically influential family, studying in Castalia as a guest.
Knecht develops many of his personal views about what larger good Castalia can achieve through vigorous debates with Designori, who views Castalia as an "ivory tower" with little to no impact on the outside world. Although educated within Castalia, Knecht's path to "Magister Ludi" is atypical for the order, as he spends a significant portion of his time after graduation outside the boundaries of the province, his first such venture, to the Bamboo Grove, results in his learning Chinese and becoming something of a disciple to Elder Brother, a recluse who had given up living within Castalia.
Next, as part of an assignment to foster goodwill between the order and the Catholic Church , Knecht is sent on several "missions" to the Benedictine monastery of Mariafels, where he befriends the historian Father Jacobus — a relationship which has profound personal impact for Knecht.
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